Access Agriculture
The onion nursery (Summary)

The onion nursery (Summary)

December 14, 2020

Onion seedlings need a healthy, loose soil. Add well-aged manure or compost. In the rainy season you need to raise the seedbed so the onion roots will not rot. If you use quality seed, most of the seed will germinate and you need much less of it. Onion seedlings need room to grow, so do not plant them too close together. Put the seed in lines, 5 to 10 centimetres apart and 1 centimetre deep. Cover the seeds lightly with fine soil.

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Making more money from onions (Summary)

Making more money from onions (Summary)

December 14, 2020

Let us learn from the experiences of some innovative farmers in Ghana who make more money: by producing onions when there are few of them on the market; by storing them until the price comes up again; and by selling directly to clients in urban markets.

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Solar drying of kale leaves (Summary)

Solar drying of kale leaves (Summary)

October 7, 2020

Farmers and vegetable sellers find it hard to sell leafy vegetables even a day after harvest because the leaves spoil quickly, but solar drying allows farmers to reduce losses and sell leafy vegetables out of the main harvest season.

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The wonder of earthworms (Summary)

The wonder of earthworms (Summary)

September 17, 2020

Earthworm compost can increase soil fertility and help increase the production of vegetables in poor and salty soils. Here we will learn about a fast and easy way to make earthworm compost on a small piece of land.

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Solar drying of chillies (Summary)

Solar drying of chillies (Summary)

September 16, 2020

When chillies remain moist, moulds develop and the chillies will go bad. Some moulds produce a poison, called aflatoxin, which is toxic to people. To speed up drying and to dry your food hygienically you can use a solar dryer that uses the heat of the sun to dry fruits and vegetables. Solar dryers come in many shapes and sizes, but the principles stay the same. In this audio podcast, we will learn how to make and use a simple solar dryer to dry chillies.

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Making chilli powder (Summary)

Making chilli powder (Summary)

September 16, 2020

It is very important to have a product that doesn’t change, that is of the same quality, the same taste, the same colour and that is well presented.

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Managing vegetable nematodes (Summary)

Managing vegetable nematodes (Summary)

September 16, 2020

Nematodes are dreadful worms that live in the soil and in the roots of many different crops and weeds. Nematodes are easier to prevent than to control. The secret is to: grow healthy seedlings; destroy all sources of nematodes in and near your vegetable field; rotate with crops that are resistant to nematodes; and avoid introducing nematodes from other fields. Farmers in southern Benin tell us how to control nematodes.

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Transplanting chillies (Summary)

Transplanting chillies (Summary)

September 15, 2020

This audio podcast features the importance of good planning and knowledge. We can reduce losses by following good practices when installing the seedbed, preparing the field and transplanting chilli seedlings.

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Making a chilli seedbed (Summary)

Making a chilli seedbed (Summary)

September 15, 2020

Use quality seeds in a seedbed of one meter wide. Make furrows about every 15 cm. Do not sow too many seeds too close together or the seedlings will be too tall and weak and they will break easily when transplanted. Protect the seedbed from the hot sun and hard rains by covering it with straw, palm leaves or other mulch. Protect the seedlings from pests and animals by putting an insect net over your seedbed. Transplant the seedlings at the right stage. Strong and healthy seedlings are the best start for a healthy and productive crop.

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Insect nets in seedbeds (Summary)

Insect nets in seedbeds (Summary)

September 15, 2020

Grasshoppers and snails can be a serious problem for any vegetable seedbed as they chew the tender stems of seedlings. Caterpillars can also cause damage, but more so on tomato and cabbage than on chilli.To protect their young crops many farmers use pesticides. While pesticides are expensive, they are also dangerous for the health of farmers, consumers and the environment. You can protect your seedlings by putting an insect net over them.

Download the full audio podcast in different languages at: www.accessagriculture.org

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